Cooperative movement is by a large product of the altered socio-economic condition brought about by industrialization and a better farming economy in many of the advanced countries well as the developing countries. Cooperative movement is designed to bring independent persons together for the betterment of their economic condition.
Cooperative one or the other have been used for effectively in one form or the other. Labour combination of Agro-industrialization development programme with the aim of promoting more egalitarian distribution of economic growth in all communities. Hence the slogan Ã¢â‚¬Å“self help through mutual helpÃ¢â‚¬Â by cooperators. The government of a country has been helping in the formation of cooperative societies since it is a way to improve the economy as well as the standard of living of the populace, greater emphasis has been laid on rural development and self dependency and sufficient in food production. In Enugu state and in Nigeria as a whole urbanization for instance is taking place at a rap rate owing to a variety of such factor as immigrations growth of industrialization and high rate of population increase. This rapid urbanization brings in its several problems for industrial workers and other fixed income earners who also have to complete for commodities. In developing countries, scarcity of commodities leads to high degree of adulterate goods and high prices. In this case, cooperative societies has to ensure adequate supply of commodities anticipate members demand, buy commodities in required quantities ensure that selection and quantity of commodities selected are in accordance with the consumer taste and cooperate in an efficient at the prevailing margin to build up enough capita for future development. These task call for a high degree of management skill and development of proper organizational structure and system that ensure efficient operation. This research work therefore tend to improve the extent of which has subject organization has been able to apply the main techniques of business management with view of identifying the areas for improvement.
Onwukike M.J.C in his lecture titled Ã¢â‚¬Å“structure and organization of cooperative said that a cooperative society is a business organization registered under the cooperative society law. It belongs to people who own and use itÃ¢â‚¬Â services. It is also run financial and controlled by them for socio-economic benefit. Management itÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s self can be defined as the process of designing and maintaining andÃ‚Â environment in which individuals working togetherÃ‚Â in group to accomplished efficiently selected aim.
As a manager people carry out the managerial function planning organizing, staffing leading and controlling. Management is concerned with productivity that implies effectiveness and efficiency with the sole aim of creating surprise. This help to rectify the problem of poor management in cooperative societies and to mobilize the rural people to fully participate in socio-economic development.
The success of any cooperative society depends on the managerial ability of the executive and the unification or cooperation ofÃ‚Â Ã‚Â the member. Therefore, poor management planning and market planning has being the case of cankerworm eating the productivity and revenue generation of some cooperative societies. Another problem facing cooperative societies is inadequate organizational structure and execution of plan. One of the problems of cooperative societies is that most of the members are illiterates and some have never had the opportunity to attend workers seminar or symposia on cooperative society management. Also inadequate and effective allocation of funds to business enterprises hinders cooperative management. Other problem includes inadequate capital poor competitive position and poor communication management strategies have caused a great failure in cooperative society in emene Enugu State.
- PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The braod objective of this research was to identify the problems in managing cooperative society. However, the following specific objectives have been delineated by the researcher for achievement.
- to identify
- to find out
- to determine
- to ascertain
- To suggest way of eradicating these problem. another purpose is to know the factors militating against th growth of cooperative societies and the contribution of government in finding cooperative societies.
- SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The important of this study is to meet the following demands:
- To provide more available information to student of cooperative societies, management and trainer in cooperative discipline and other who may be keen in undertaking furtherÃ‚Â research to cooperative management.
- To make available to the government and operational and decision making tools to efficient, effective and virile cooperative development. Numerous cooperators in the state will be exposed in area to exploit business.
- To help the lectures in the cooperative field to teach properly.
- To help the cooperative as well as the future ones on the area of planning, organizing and controlling of business to avoid liquidation.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
In Enugu East Local Government Area, there are over 7 cooperative societies as at last year, over 85% of these societies lack effective management system. My study is therefore limited to Proda Staff Cooperative Thrift and loan Society Emene Nike Enugu cooperative area as a representation of problems cooperative society movement in Enugu State and Nigeria in general. This research is limited to Proda staff cooperative thrift and loan society due to time constraint and limited space, other restriction occurs due to the respondents, that is their inability to give out information about the cooperative society.
Another limitation arises as a result cost of transportation which was quite exorbitant in buying text book and research work.
Finally inaccurate information supplied in the questionnaires and financial problem.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Cooperative Societies: This is defined as a form of organization where people voluntarily associate together as human beings on the basis of equity for the promotion of the economic interest of themselves.
Small Business: this is defined as a type of business which the managers are also the owners; they operate mainly in local areas with a limited size. According to NBCI (Nigeria Bank of Commerce and Industries). It is defined as an industry with capital but excluding cost of land.
Medium Business: This is a business independently owned and managed. Profit seeking enterprise with fewer than 100 employers (krectner 1995-1962) It is also a business that is managed by some experienced people not fully educated in the field.
Share Holders: they are those that contribute to the capital used in established business.